Dr Andrew Smart BSc PhD PGCE
Name: Dr Andrew Smart
Job Title: Head of Centre CCNewquay
Address: Cornwall College Newquay, Centre for Applied Zoology, Wildflower Lane, Trenance Gardens, Newquay, TR7 2LZ
Tel: 01637 857925
Fax: 01637 857969
2011 to Present: Corporate Curriculum Lead Maths & Science
Head of College, Newquay (from 2006 to present)
1999 to 2006: Programme Manager HE Animal Science, Duchy College Rosewarne
1994 to 1999: Head of Centre, Cannington College, Bristol Zoo Centre (1995-1999) Education Department, Bristol Zoo Gardens, Bristol - Education Officer (1994)
1992 to 1994: Senior Consultant,Bristol Ecological Consultants Ltd, University of Bristol, School of Biological Sciences. (1992 - 1994)
1991 to 1992: Durrell Institute of Conservation & Ecology, University of Kent. Senior Research Fellow
Research in the lower Kinabatangan River catchment, Sabah, Borneo
An investigation by a team of staff and students of the freshwater ecosystem of forest streams and pools in riverine and semi-inundated forest was started in summer 2009 and is now in its third year. Sampling methodology is now established and will continue when pools are present during the field project.
2010 - present: Investigation of fish diversity in the lower Kinabatangan. The project run with Dr. Hazel Selley also of CCNewquay aims to identify species present in the river and the role they paly within the food web. Future work will involve discussions with fishermen about catch levels for different species.
2010 to present: A student team has undertaken riparian bird surveys aiming to establish territory size for stork-billed kingfisher and great egret to establish baselines for density that will allow the health of the river ecosystem to be monitored.
The use of sound recordings to assess avian diveristy was started in July 2009 with 16 sites monitored for canopy bird calls. data collection continued in 2010 and 2011 and subsequent analysis should indicate the species present.
2010 to present: An investigation into survey techniques for monitoring terrestrial and arboreal frogs has identified a technique that can be used by novice surveyors. Work on amphibians continues with a team of students focusing on resource partitioning in two species and different colour morps of one tree-frog species.
The density and distribution of sand lizards on a site in Cornwall
A population of sand lizards has been introduced to a site in Cornwall and long-term survey work to examine the expansion of the population on the site is underway. The site is a difficult area to survey with particularly dense vegetation and survey success is low. Despite this, 2007 results suggest that the population has extended its range off the release site. Work in 2008 established a method by which photographs of individual lizards can be used for identification and subsequent population size estimation.
The effect of badger fencing on road kills on the A30 in Cornwall
A two-year study on mammal road kills on 25 km stretch of road including the A30 from Carland Cross to Pool considering the distribution of dead animals relative to the use of badger fencing and the traffic density.
Sexing macaws using calls
Hyacinth macaws are particularly difficult to sex. One possible sexual diffference is in the frequency of the calls made by the birds. Initial studies on four birds at Paradise Park in Hayle suggest that there may be differences in the loudest frequency within a call made by male and female birds. Further studies to investigate calls by birds at other locations will establish whether this is linked to these individual birds or wheteher it can be applied to a larger data set.
Research at Lake Naivasha, Kenya (with David Harper, University of Leicester:
* The diet and distribution of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii
* Survey techniques for hippopotamus populations in African lakes
* Distribution and population density of the fish eagle Haliaeetus vocifer
* Macro-invertebrate survey of Lake Naivasha
Work on crayfish diet and distribution at Lake Naivasha in Kenya, and on Fish eagle populations on the lake has continued as part of existing links with the University of Leicester. Three co-authored papers have been published in Hydrobiologia.
Work on the fish-eating birds, hippo and macro-invertebrates at Naivasha is continuing with two papers in preparation and one collection to be identified.
The distribution of fairy shrimp in ephemeral ponds in Cornwall
This work has been ongoning with regular monitoring of a site that remains at risk because of changing land management. A site has been identified for translocation and the relevant licences are in process. All being well animals will be moved in 2012 along with a new push to increase public awareness and look for new sites in Cornwall.
Crayfish population survey in Cornwall
Introduced crayfish are present in many ponds and some rivers in Cornwall. This project is developing the methodology for a detailed survey of sites to establish whcih species are present in the county and consider the impact they may have on stillwaters.
Smart A.C. & Harper D.M. (1999) Life after lakes: the ecology and management of the water distribution system. Hydrobiologia 395/6 379-386.
Woollard S. & Smart A.(1996) Zoolympics: an evaluation of an interactive education trail at Bristol Zoo. International Zoo News 43(6) 411 - 420.
Coley S.J. & Smart A.C. (1992) The problems facing nesting turtles at Kazanli, Turkey. Oryx 26(5) 165 - 171
Smart A.C. & Coley S.J.(1991) Green turtle nesting at Kazanli Turkey Marine Turtle Newsletter 54 9-10
Clark F.L. & Smart A.C. (1991) The diet of Tadarida pumila Mollosidae at Lake Naivasha, Kenya. African Journal of Zoology 105: 493-493
Published Articles in Refereed Journals
Harper D.M.; Harper M.M.; Virani M.A.; Smart A.; Brooks Childress R.; Adatia R.; Henderson I.; Chege B. (2002) Population fluctuations and their causes in the African Fish Eagle, (Haliaeetus vocifer (Daudin)) at Lake Naivasha, Kenya Hydrobiologia, 488, no. 1-3, pp. 171-180
Smart A.C.; Harper D.M.; Malaisse F.; Schmitz S.; Coley S.; Gouder de Beauregard A-C.(2002) Feeding of the exotic Louisiana red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Crustacea, Decapoda), in an African tropical lake: Lake Naivasha, Kenya Hydrobiologia, 488, no. 1-3, pp. 129-142
Harper D.M.; Smart A.C.; Coley S.; Schmitz S.; Gouder de Beauregard A-C.; North R.; Adams C.; Obade P.; Kamau M. (2002) Distribution and abundance of the Louisiana red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii Girard at Lake Naivasha, Kenya between 1987 and 1999 Hydrobiologia, 488, no. 1-3, pp. 143-151
in: Harper & Zalewskim (2001) Science and the Sustainable managment of tropical waters. Ecohydrology. UNESCO IHP-V Technical Dicuments in Hydrology NO 46 124pp
Co-authored papers on:
Crayfish population size and survey
Crayfish distribution at Lake Naivahsa
The distribution of littoral zone macroinvertebrates at Lake Naivasha,
Changes in feeding ecology of the African lily trotter at Lake Naivahsa,
Fish eagle numbers and distribution
The numbers and distribution of hippopotamus in Lake Naivasha between 1987 and 1999